AskDefine | Define solid

Dictionary Definition

solid adj
1 of definite shape and volume; firm; neither liquid nor gaseous; "ice is water in the solid state" [ant: liquid, gaseous]
2 of good substantial quality; "solid comfort"; "a solid base hit"
3 entirely of one substance with no holes inside; "solid silver"; "a solid block of wood" [ant: hollow]
4 of one substance or character throughout; "solid gold"; "a solid color"; "carved out of solid rock"
5 uninterrupted in space; having no gaps or breaks; "a solid line across the page"; "solid sheets of water"
6 providing abundant nourishment; "a hearty meal"; "good solid food"; "ate a substantial breakfast" [syn: hearty, satisfying, substantial]
7 of good quality and condition; solidly built; "a solid foundation"; "several substantial timber buildings" [syn: strong, substantial]
8 having high moral qualities; "a noble spirit"; "a solid citizen"; "an upstanding man"; "a worthy successor" [syn: noble, upstanding, worthy]
9 not soft or yielding to pressure; "a firm mattress"; "the snow was firm underfoot"; "solid ground" [syn: firm]
10 having three dimensions; "a solid object"
11 incapable of being seen through; "solid blackness"
12 entirely of a single color throughout; "a solid fabric" [syn: self-colored, self-coloured]
13 acting together as a single undiversified whole; "a solid voting bloc" [syn: unanimous]

Noun

1 a substance that is solid at room temperature and pressure
2 the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape [syn: solidness]
3 a three-dimensional shape

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

From solide (as an adjective), this from solĭdus, "like the soil", from solum, "ground".

Adjective

  1. In the state of being a solid.
  2. Large, massive.
  3. Extremely filling (a solid meal.)
  4. Lacking holes or hollows (solid gold, solid chocolate.)
  5. Strong, unyielding (solid foundations.)
  6. Lacking errors or inconsistencies that would render a theory or concept doubtful.
  7. Written without spaces or hyphens.
    American English writes words as solid that British English hyphenates or spaces.

Translations

In the state of being a solid
  • Arabic: (ʂulb)
  • Chinese: 堅實, 坚实 (jiānshí)
  • Czech: tuhý
  • Danish: fast
  • Dutch: vast, solide
  • Finnish: kiinteä
  • French: solide
  • German: fest
  • Greek: στερεός
  • Hungarian: szilárd
  • Italian: solido
  • Japanese: 固体の (kotai no)
  • Korean: 굳다 (gutda), 단단하다 (dandan-hada)
  • Norwegian: fast
  • Portuguese: sólido , sólida
  • Russian: твёрдый
  • Serbian: čvrsto, tvrdo
  • Slovak: pevný
  • Spanish: sólido
  • Swedish: fast, i fast form
  • Telugu: ఘన (ghana)
Large, massive
Extremely filling
Lacking holes or hollows
  • Danish: tæt, kompakt
  • Dutch: massief
  • Finnish: täysi, eheä
  • French: plein, pleine
  • Greek: συμπαγής, ατόφιος
  • Italian: compatto
  • Norwegian: solid, massiv, kompakt
  • Portuguese: sólido , sólida
  • Russian: сплошной (splošnój)
  • Swedish: massiv
Strong, unyielding (as of foundations etc)
Lacking errors or inconsistencies

Noun

  1. A fundamental state of matter that retains its size and shape without need of a container. Solids that are sufficiently heated may sublimate into a gas or melt into a liquid.
  2. A three-dimensional object.
  3. A favor: a helpful deed.

Translations

chemistry: A fundamental state of matter
geometry: a three-dimensional object

Adverb

  1. without spaces or hyphens.
    Many long-established compounds are set solid.

Danish

Adjective

solid
  1. solid, robust
  2. strong
  3. substantial (e.g. et solidt måltid: a substantial meal)
  4. reliable

Extensive Definition

A solid''' object is in the states of matter characterized by resistance to deformation and changes of volume. At the microscopic scale, a solid has these properties :
  • The atoms or molecules that compose the solid are packed closely together.
  • These constituent elements have fixed positions in space relative to each other. This accounts for the solid's rigidity. In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. A crystal structure is composed of a unit cell, a set of atoms arranged in a particular way; which is periodically repeated in three dimensions on a lattice. The spacing between unit cellious devoicecal in various directions is called its lattice parameters. The symmetry properties of the crystal are embodied in its space group. A crystal's structure and symmetry play a role in determining many of its properties, such as cleavage, electronic band structure, and optical properties.
    • If sufficient force is applied, either of these properties can be disrupted, causing permanent deformation.
  • Because solids have thermal energy, their atoms vibrate. However, this movement is very small, and cannot be observed or felt under ordinary conditions.
The branch of physics that deals with solids is called solid-state physics, and is a type of condensed matter physics. Materials science is primarily concerned with properties of solids such as strength and phase transformations. It overlaps strongly with solid-state physics. Solid-state chemistry overlaps both of these fields, but is especially concerned with the synthesis of novel materials.
The lightest known solid is aerogel. The lightest aerogel produced has a density of 1.9 mg/cm³ or 1.9 kg/m³ (1/530 the density of water).
solid in Afrikaans: Vastestof
solid in Arabic: صلب
solid in Bosnian: Čvrsto stanje tvari
solid in Bulgarian: Твърдо тяло
solid in Catalan: Sòlid
solid in Czech: Pevná látka
solid in Danish: Fast form
solid in German: Festkörper
solid in Estonian: Tahkis
solid in Modern Greek (1453-): Στερεό
solid in Spanish: Sólido
solid in Esperanto: Solido
solid in Basque: Solido
solid in Persian: جامد
solid in French: État solide
solid in Galician: Sólido
solid in Korean: 고체
solid in Croatian: Krutine
solid in Indonesian: Padat
solid in Icelandic: Storkuhamur
solid in Italian: Solido
solid in Hebrew: מוצק
solid in Swahili (macrolanguage): mango
solid in Kannada: ಘನ
solid in Latvian: Cieta viela
solid in Lojban: sligu
solid in Hungarian: Szilárd halmazállapot
solid in Macedonian: Цврста агрегатна состојба
solid in Malay (macrolanguage): Pepejal
solid in Dutch: Vaste stof
solid in Japanese: 固体
solid in Norwegian: Faststoff
solid in Norwegian Nynorsk: Fast stoff
solid in Novial: Solide
solid in Oromo: Solid
solid in Polish: Ciało stałe
solid in Portuguese: Sólido
solid in Romanian: Solid
solid in Quechua: Sinchiyasqa
solid in Russian: Твёрдое тело
solid in Simple English: Solid
solid in Slovak: Pevná látka
solid in Slovenian: Trdnina
solid in Finnish: Kiinteä olomuoto
solid in Swedish: Fast form
solid in Thai: ของแข็ง
solid in Vietnamese: Chất rắn
solid in Turkish: Katı
solid in Ukrainian: Тверде тіло
solid in Chinese: 固体

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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